Mountain guide Wes Bunch skis Deadhorse Peak in the Palisades Wilderness Study Area after climbing to the top of his run. Rep. Liz Cheney would greatly increase helicopter skiing in the area, diminishing the wilderness qualities of solitude and quiet experienced by backcountry travelers like Bunch. Photographer and author Tom Turiano, a member of Teton County’s wilderness study committee, wrote Cheney saying her heli-skiing bill is “irregular and disrespectful.” A Cheney spokeswoman says heli-skiing restrictions are the result of frivolous lawsuits and misguided decisions by the courts. (c Tom Turiano)

As citizens in nine Wyoming counties work to resolve the fate of 750,000 acres of federal wilderness study areas, U.S Rep Liz Cheney is drafting her second bill that could remove environmental protections and disrupt the bi-partisan grassroots initiative.

Cheney is working with constituents to draft a bill to “remove all Wyoming [Wilderness Study Areas] from the limbo,” her spokeswoman Maddy Weast said in an email to WyoFile. “Individuals, local officials and organizations across the state have asked Congressman Cheney to address the issue,” Weast wrote.

But local officials WyoFile spoke to worry that another Cheney wilderness-study bill could exacerbate tensions or even scuttle the Wyoming Public Lands Initiative.

WPLI has convened diverse groups of citizen stakeholders in nine counties — Carbon, Campbell, Fremont, Hot Springs, Johnson, Park, Sublette, Teton and Washakie — with the intention of building consensus around managment for each county’s WSAs. The resulting recommendations would then be communicated to Wyoming’s congressional delegation for inclusion in legislation.  Cheney’s Dec. 20 heli-skiing bill upset some initiative participants because it “tilts the table,” throws a “cherry bomb” in the mix, and is “a bit of a disruption” to the public lands initiative, Teton County Commission Chairman Mark Newcomb said this week.

BLM wilderness study areas are in red in this WPLI map. Participating counties are shaded and U.S. Forest Service wilderness areas are green. (Wyoming Public Lands Initiative)

Initiative leader and Wyoming County Commissioners Association Executive Director Pete Obermueller agreed Cheney could cause a backlash. “If you think the reaction to heli-skiing is bad, wait until this second bill is introduced,” he wrote the commissioners on Dec. 27.

Among the concerns is whether efforts to prioritize local input in federal land management decisions — an oft-stated Republican objective — are being undercut by Cheney’s bills.

But not all counties chose to participate in the initiative, Cheney’s spokeswoman said in her email. Two of those non-participants — Lincoln and Sweetwater — contain wilderness study areas, according to the WPLI website.

Cheney believes “we should do all we can to honor the views of our local officials, individuals and stakeholders to remove all Wyoming WSAs from the limbo in which they currently exist,” Weast wrote WyoFile. Cheney is “working with those interested parties to draft legislation to do that.”

What will be in Cheney’s new bill?

Cheney plans to introduce her second bill in early January, Obermueller wrote in his email. The bill would require the Forest Service to recommend whether the Palisades and Shoal Creek wilderness study areas should receive full-fledged wilderness designation or be released for multiple use. Only Congress can designate wilderness areas, and until it acts, WSAs are to be managed to preserve their wilderness characteristics.

Under Cheney’s bill, “if that [Forest Service] recommendation is that they are not suitable for Wilderness, they will be immediately released and managed as a non-wilderness component of the national forest system,” Obermueller wrote. Neither Weast nor Obermueller said what Cheney’s bill might require for WSAs the BLM or Forest Service deem fit for permanent wilderness protection.

The BLM performed such an inventory in 1991, Obermueller and Weast said. At that point — under the George H. W. Bush administration — the agency said about half of its study areas should be released for multiple use management, Obermueller said. U.S. Sen. John Barrasso introduced a bill in 2011 to accomplish that recommendation.

It “generated a lot of opposition in the Senate,” said Obermueller, who worked as a D.C. staffer for Rep. Cynthia Lummis before heading the commissioners’ association. Federal land issues on Capitol Hill “are stymied almost all of the time,” he said.

U.S. Forest Service wilderness study areas are outlined in red on this WPLI map. National park units are shaded. (Wyoming Public Lands Initiative)

That was before Republicans gained control of both Congress and the White House in 2016.

WPLI was advanced as an effort to overcome such gridlock, at least among Wyomingites, with the idea that a demonstration of local buy-in could prompt congressional action, Obermueller told Teton commissioners in a phone conference Tuesday. Study areas were not intended to be permanent and “need to go away,” he said. The WSA limbo status, in which preservation rules are in force, is “bad management,” he said.

Cheney’s new bill appears to revert, instead, to Barrasso’s 2011 approach. “There has been talk of a [new] bill like that [once proposed by Barrasso] moving forward,” Obermueller told the commissioners.

Weast said while the BLM study areas were reviewed by that agency in 1991, the Forest Service has not undertaken a similar process for Wyoming WSAs.

Is Cheney undermining the grassroots effort?

Foremost in several Teton commissioners’ minds is whether Cheney’s bills, which they say are being forged without their input, are undermining their and Obermueller’s efforts. “Needless to say, folks in Teton County definitely have their antenna up,” said Newcomb, who seeks to “preserve the integrity of the WPLI process.”

Cheney’s heli-ski bill introduced Dec. 20 would expand helicopter skiing in the Palisades Wilderness Study Area from about 60 skier-days a winter to up to 1,200. According to Weast, that bill seeks to overturn “frivolous lawsuits and misguided decisions by the courts,” and reinstate “the original intent of the Wyoming Wilderness Act.”

If the heli-skiing bill passes “it kind of supersedes the good of the WPLI process,” Teton commissioner Greg Epstein said during the phone conference Tuesday. “Doesn’t that move it from a wilderness designation, ultimately?” The locally driven consensus building process is “suddenly threatened,” Newcomb said.

Cheney stands in contrast with Barrasso, who wrote a note to commissioners encouraging work at the local level, and U.S. Sen. Mike Enzi, who also “warmly received” the WPLI process, the Teton chairman said. Barrasso’s office did not respond to requests for comment on Cheney’s heli-skiing bill and Enzi’s office has said it will not respond to requests for comment from WyoFile.

“We feel a little discouraged… [Cheney] didn’t at least come forward and say, ‘In my mind this is the right thing to do.’” The lack of notice “make[s] it more difficult for the WPLI committee to reach a consensus-based outcome,” Newcomb said.

Cheney led rejection of the Obama administration BLM planning 2.0 because “it didn’t allow the public process at the local level,” Epstein said. That makes it look like Cheney is touting local involvement only when it suits her agenda, Newcomb said.

Snowmobile tracks in the U.S Forest Service Palisades Wilderness Study Area. Motorized travel is banned in officially designated wilderness, as is oil and gas drilling, roadbuilding, mountain biking and construction of structures. (Ecoflight)

Commissioners agreed to draft a letter to Cheney expressing their worries that the bill or bills might interrupt their local work, and to vote on it soon. They discussed whether other counties with wilderness study areas might sign on.

Teton commissioner Paul Vogelheim said in an interview that support from the statewide WPLI participants would carry more weight, especially given that a majority of Teton County residents did not vote for Cheney. Commissioner Smokey Rhea wondered aloud whether a letter to Cheney would make any difference, given she had introduced the heli-bill without consultation.

Teton County Chief Deputy Attorney Keith Gingery said Cheney, who has her Wyoming residence in Wilson, “was here all last week.” Yet no commissioner said Cheney had set aside time to talk to them, prompting Rhea to say “that’s sort of my point.”

Vogelheim heard “rumors” of the heli-ski bill in a September meeting with others in Cheney’s Washington, D.C. office, he said in an interview. He reported that to other commissioners in a public meeting and “we asked to be included in the loop,” he said.

While Teton commissioners felt blindsided by Cheney’s heli-skiing bill, Obermueller said the delegation has pledged nothing. “There was no promise to craft legislative language that must [meet] … what people wanted,” he said. The only public statement from the delegation was “the process makes sense […and…] has the best chance of success.”

Cheney did not sign on to the process, Obermueller said, and groups “less than supportive of Wyoming collaboration” began to weigh in. The heli-ski bill still would leave the Palisades a study area, he said.

The heli-ski measure also would prohibit construction of new recreational access points within the Forest Service study areas, Weast said, to prevent “over-use.”

“Over 1,000 Wyoming residents voiced their support to allow recreational uses to continue and Congressman Cheney is proud her bill has the support of Advocates for Multiple Use of our Public Lands, the Wyoming State Snowmobile Association, the Western Chapter of the American Council of Snowmobile Associations, Teton Freedomriders, and Dirtbikers Investing in Riding Trails (DIRT),” Weast wrote.

Finally, Newcomb asked Obermueller whether protesting Cheney’s bill or bills would upset Teton County’s “entire WPLI enchilada,” — including the chance of expanding existing wilderness protections as some WPLI participants have asked for. Newcomb leans “heavily toward conservation,” he said.

Obermueller urged the commissioners to stay at the Wyoming Public Lands Initiative. “I didn’t feel like this threatens that process,” he said of Cheney’s heli-skiing bill.

Never miss a story — subscribe to WyoFile’s free weekly newsletter

But some remained skeptical and at least want Cheney to be a better communicator. Newcomb complained that Cheney’s bills are driven “we are not sure by what.” The WPLI “could be destroyed real quickly by an unseen force out there,” he said.

Cheney’s heli-ski bill makes the local committee feel “a sense of deflation [that] whatever their product, [it] would be shot down,” he said. “I would appreciate more communication on her part.”

For Epstein, “It’s just a feeling of Washington coming in and undermining a local process,” he said. “We still need to represent… our community, the process that was set up, the public trust.”

This article was been corrected Jan. 4 to say that Sweetwater County, not Carbon County, is among those counties with WSAs that is not participating in the WPLI. Also, Sublette County is participating, and Natrona and Big Horn counties are participating at some level through neighboring counties’ initiatives, something not indicated on the WPLI map — Ed.

Angus M. Thuermer Jr. is the natural resources reporter for WyoFile. He is a veteran Wyoming reporter and editor with more than 35 years experience in Wyoming. Contact him at or (307)...

Join the Conversation


Want to join the discussion? Fantastic, here are the ground rules: * Provide your full name — no pseudonyms. WyoFile stands behind everything we publish and expects commenters to do the same. * No personal attacks, profanity, discriminatory language or threats. Keep it clean, civil and on topic. *WyoFile does not fact check every comment but, when noticed, submissions containing clear misinformation, demonstrably false statements of fact or links to sites trafficking in such will not be posted. *Individual commenters are limited to three comments per story, including replies.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  1. I agree with the comments of Kevin, Rob, Earl and Linda (above). I think people are bending over backwards to treat Cheney fairly and she does not deserve it! It is a travesty that she is our representative. Her agenda is to be a facilitator for the corporate extractive industries that have devastated so much of our state (nation, continent, world) and left us with the financial and environmental burden of cleaning up their mess. They all pay a laughably small bond (oftentimes paying no bond at all, promising to pay “later”!) and they wield nearly absolute political power over our legislature and the University of Wyoming. The latter surpasses free speech from highly qualified, independent academics about the devastating effects of fracking, mining, gas and oil development. Cheney is a shill and is even worse than her father was in that capacity. We should be embarrassed to be represented by this nefarious person. Too many people are scientifically illiterate and don’t understand the extent of the ecological crisis we face. The corporate elites will march us all like lemmings right over the cliff and probably won’t recognize the error of their ways even as they are falling. It is a diseased, capitalist mindset at work here. “In wildness is the preservation of the world.” We’re all hypocrites to a greater or lesser extent, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t spend contemplative time cyphering on the implications of our modern, anti-nature lifestyle of mindless convenience and recreation. We must extend the possibility of our continued survival, and that of all the other deserving species, as long as possible.

  2. It has become clear that Cheney’s idea of consulting with her constituents is making speeches to groups who favor policies that benefit certain players in the economy, while ignoring others. In each case, she brags about meeting with certain stakeholders and at the same time she refuses to meet with others, with constituents generally, and with elected officials. She apparently knows, from having visited Wyoming a few times, what will benefit and satisfy her wealthy out of state campaign contributors and the types of development of federal lands in Wyoming that they favor. It would be a waste of her time to meet with people who think they should have input by virtue of living in Wyoming when she already knows what she wants to do. There is no respect in Washington at this time for the planning processes that included all stakeholders, and Liz Cheney will do everything she can to override and undermine those planning efforts.

  3. It’s about time. WSAs are a boondoggle devised by radical greenies to lock up public land without having Congress go through the prescribed legal process of statutorily declaring it wilderness. These have been around for decades now, and many, if not most, do not meet the standards Congress set for wilderness. They need to be – finally – officially evaluated and either declared by Congress wilderness, or opened back up to the public. This land belongs to ALL of us, not just far left radical “environmentalists”.

  4. There is already far too much wilderness in Wyoming. There is already a default wilderness area surrounding Yellowstone NP.

    Enough is enough, release all WSA lands to mixed use recreation.

    The government doesn’t own the public lands the people of Wyoming own it. Just a few voices in Jackson do not mandate changes in a true Red State.

    1. Byron Baker, our public lands are owned by more than the people of Wyoming. They are owned by all Americans…just wanted to point out that glaring error in your statement. Furthermore, this is not “only” about how much wilderness we should or shouldn’t have. This is about the “process” we use to make that decision. Cheney is usurping an established process that has been ongoing for a couple of years. She should have the decency to wait and see how that process plays out.

  5. Many of the BLM WSA’s have higher values for wildlife, the local ecology and representation of few remaining undeveloped lands and landscapes. That is their highest value, not recreation in any form. They represent less than 3 per cent of the 18 million acres of BLM land in this state. We need them now and for our future, intact and undivided with management that enhances and protects their highest values.

  6. “…We feel a little discouraged…We still need to represent… our community, the process that was set up, the public trust.” Come on, Newcomb and Epstein…step up to the plate, and be more assertive! This stuff Cheney is doing is bs. Be our representatives, and start being more involved.