National Elk Refuge Biologist Eric Cole holds one of the antlers collected in 2015. Few people have seen the elk that shed the antlers, making many marvel about where he may live. (Angus M. Thuermer Jr./WyoFile)

For the past four winters visitors to the National Elk Refuge in Jackson Hole have glimpsed a mammoth elk that’s drawn worldwide attention for its large antlers.

In addition to being huge — six points on the right and seven on the left — the antlers are unusually broad. Wildlife managers have twice collected a pair of huge shed antlers from the refuge — once in the spring of 2013 and again in the spring of 2015.

When the elk comes to the refuge for its winter range and supplemental feeding program, the big bull hangs out mostly on the remote McBride feedground. Beyond that, he’s elusive.

“We have no idea where he summers,” refuge manager Steve Kallin said. For refuge biologist Eric Cole, the enigma illustrates the power of wildness and nature, which hold the prospect of wonder. “It’s just an example of how magnificent nature can be at times.”

The elk walks like royalty, he’s seldom seen and he lives in many dreams. Is he the monarch of the Tetons?

Game range giant

The first pair of antlers turned up in the spring of 2013. Refuge workers collected them as part the annual spring antler roundup. An antler auction — scheduled for May 21 — supports the refuge and local Boy Scouts, who help in the annual collection.

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They were “the largest antler sheds anyone can remember found on the refuge,” according to a description that now accompanies the set that’s exhibited at the Jackson Hole and Yellowstone Visitor Center in Jackson. “Leading up to the 2013 auction, it was decided not to sell them but to share the antlers with everyone by entering them on the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation 2014 Great Elk Tour,” the description says.

Elk Refuge Manager Steve Kallin photographed the big bull this winter, revealing the incredible antler spread. The rack is notable not only for its size, but also its width, estimated at 52 inches across at its narrowest. (Steve Kallin/National Elk Refuge/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)
National Elk Refuge Manager Steve Kallin photographed the big bull this winter, revealing the incredible antler spread. The rack is notable not only for its size, but also its width, estimated at 52 inches across at its narrowest. (Steve Kallin/National Elk Refuge/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)

The antlers were mounted on another elk’s head and went on tour as “Game Range Giant.” In the arcane world of antler scoring, the rack registered 436 7/8 gross non-typical B/C inches.

The scoring system requires that the antlers be measured along a prescribed set of lines. Generally the score reflects the length of the times and main branch added together. The 2013 set is non-typical because it features a drop tine — a point that descends instead of rising. “B/C” indicates it was measured under the Boone and Crockett ranking system. The set had six points on one side, seven on the other, plus a drop tine.

According to Boone and Crockett Club, 478 5/8 is the highest score yet recorded for a non-typical elk. An Idaho hunter killed it in Utah in 2008. The highest score ever for an American elk is 499 3/8, the club says.

Another set of antlers

Workers collected the second set of large, shed antlers in the spring of 2015. It also had six points on one side, seven on the other. But they lack the distinct drop tine of the 2013 set. That difference raised the question whether the two sets come from the same elk. Photographs taken of the elk that dropped the two pairs of antlers are similarly inconclusive.

Elk typically grow similar sets of antlers year after year, most observers agree. But there’s no consensus about whether non-typical tines also grow on a regular basis.

The refuge is holding on to the 2015 antlers as it decides what to do with them. Biologist Cole weighed them at approximately 14.5 pounds a side — about 29 pounds total — on an uncertified hanging scale. Among beasts that tote as much as a 40-pound antler load, “the weight was a bit less than I expected,” he said.

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In 2014 refuge workers calculated proportional measurements  using photos and estimated the minimum inside width of the rack — one that was never recovered — at 52 inches, Kallin said.

Elk antlers likely grow to their largest on animals that are 11 to 12 years old, Cole said, citing research on red deer, a similar ungulate.

Antlers gone viral

Two winters ago Jody Tibbitts, a wildlife and photography guide with Jackson Hole Wildlife Safaris, was talking to friend Lynn Bagley who drives horse-drawn sleighs and wagons among the wintering elk for Bar T 5 outfitters. Come out on a tour, Bagley said, you missed this huge 410-plus elk and now he’s gone north.

Bagley was right, but Tibbitts kept returning and this winter brought two families from Australia to the Refuge tours. He saw Bagley’s eyes light up and figured he might be in luck. The big elk was back.

Tibbitts said he was eager, but Bagley played coy and didn’t drive straight to the monster. “He really knows the habits of all these elk.”

At the end of the tour Bagley drove the sleigh to a group of bulls, which impressed the group. Several of them were striking, but then “the big boy walks into the picture.”

Tibbitts raised his iPhone 6 and began recording. “I just saw this perfect opportunity,” he said. “He’s lumbering and can’t even hold his head up.”

Tibbitts went home and posted the 17-second video on his Facebook page. “Yeah,” he thought, “maybe I’ll get 50 likes, maybe 10 are friends of mine.”

That’s when the herd bull shot ‘round the world.

“I got about 2,000 friend requests on Facebook,” he said. “I got people from the Middle East, Mongolia, China, Brazil, Mexico, all the Asian countries. That first two days I could not do anything but deal with Facebook.

“That thing got shared probably 75,000 times,” Tibbitts said of the video. “I had 1.1 million views just on my page. I know the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation has close to 1 million views. I’m assuming it got over 2 million views.”

Then came the comments — thousands of them.

“There was the gun-hating person barking about ‘How could you kill such a gorgeous animal,’” Tibbitts said. “Then the wolves come into the situation. Then expressions of awe such as; ‘Wow that is the most beautiful thing. I can’t wait to come to Jackson Hole.’”

The phones at Wildlife Safaris went crazy, Tibbitts said. “I really hope we get to see the bull elk we saw on the Facebook video,” was the typical desire. At the Bar T 5 rides, “half the people — they’re here because of the video.”

A father from Riverton drove over the Continental Divide in hopes of spying the elusive elk. When the tour bus driver introduced Tibbitts as the videographer, “he thought I was a super-celebrity.”

Can I get my picture with you, the man asked. “We did the pose,” Tibbitts said. “Within 30 seconds he had it on Facebook.

“This is so weird,” Tibbitts thought. “It was total celebrity status. I call it my 17 seconds of fame.”

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Angus M. Thuermer Jr.

Angus M. Thuermer Jr. is the natural resources reporter for WyoFile. He is a veteran Wyoming reporter and editor with more than 35 years experience in Wyoming. Contact him at or (307)...

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  1. Some history concerning Very Large Elkheads. A trapper named Osborne Russell was one of the very few men of the Mountain Man Era ( 1810-1843ish) who was literate enough to keep a daily diary. Russell’s diary covers the decade from 1834 to 1843 near the end of the fur trapper chapter of setting the American West. In August of 1835 Russell’s party was camped on a tributary of the Gallatin River west of present day Gardiner MT. They killed a big bull elk for camp meat.*

    (quote) ” Here…we killed the fattest Elk I ever saw. It was a large Buck (sp) the fat on his rump measure seven inches thick and he had 14 spikes of branches on the left horn and 12 on the right ” ( endquote )

    They don’t make Elk like that any more…

    Russell’s diary of daily life in the Northern Rockies before railroads, mining, settlers, and ” civilization” is incisive in a great many ways. Required reading for western history scholars.

    The takeaway on Big Elk might fall in the camp of the consequences of market hunting and ” civilization ” very nearly wiping out all the Big Game in what would become the Lower 48 States. When the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock, there were Elk in the berkshire Hills of western massachusetts all the way to the Pacific Coast. America had maybe 10-12 million Elk, and the colonists and westward expansionists killed all but maybe 50,000 . The slaughter took ~99.5 percent of all living Elk before we White Folk realized what we were doing . Teddy Roosevelt and his ilk reversed course and began a program to restore game populations ( for hunting , of course) , and today we have maybe 800,000 Elk in the Lower 48, a population of a whopping 8 percent of former numbers of Elk. The same sad tale played out with a great many mammalian species, and is still happening today . (Ask the wild Bison and Wolves)

    Among other consequences, the wholesale slaughter of Elk and subsequent non-biological management practices had to have dramatically diminished the genetic potentiality of Elk. So when I hear stories or see smug trophy photos of a ” massive 7 point Elk ” , I lament that the literate Osborne Russell did not also have a Nikon camera with him.

    * page 63 , ” Journal of a Trapper” , Narrative Press paperback edtion , edited by Aubrey Haines