WyoFile could find little information about the origin of this photograph, other than it depicts the detritus from the 1895 explosion in the Red Canyon Mine No. 5. The mine was located in Almy, just north of Evanston, and the blast killed 62. An earlier blast on Jan. 12, 1886, led the Wyoming Territorial Legislature to create the office of state mining inspector.

On this day in 1886 an explosion in a coal mine in Almy, just north of Evanston, killed 13 miners.

It was not the first, nor would it be the last time miners in the Almy complex died at work. The explosion on Jan. 12, 1886, however, spurred the Wyoming Territorial Legislature to establish the Office of State Mining Inspector, a position that persists to this day .

Tragedy first struck in 1881 when an explosion killed 38 miners in the Central Pacific Mine No. 3. A fire had been burning in the mine, which had opened in 1869, for 5 years. But workers had sealed it off with stone walls, The Cheyenne Weekly Leader reported. The dead, the newspaper said, included “35 Chinamen and 3 white men.”

The 1886 explosion occurred in Almy Mine No. 4 and killed 11 men and 2 boys. Utah papers covered the disaster because of the heavy Mormon population in the area.

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The explosion was “so terrific as to blow all of the building’s above-ground into kindling wood, sending great timbers and rocks three-quarters of a mile,” the Deseret Evening News in Salt Lake City reported.

Nine years later, in 1895, a third explosion occurred, the results of which are depicted in the photograph above. It blew up the Red Canyon No. 5 mine, killing 62. It is considered the third-largest mining accident in Wyoming history.

The state shut down the Almy mines in the 1940s because of their danger.

There’s little information readily available about the photograph, although several persons, including bloggers Eric Christensen and Ron Keyes, have referenced the mines and the disasters in documenting their family histories.

Angus M. Thuermer Jr. is the natural resources reporter for WyoFile. He is a veteran Wyoming reporter and editor with more than 35 years experience in Wyoming. Contact him at angus@wyofile.com or (307)...

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  1. My grandfather who was born in evanston 1905 was told by his parents that coal fire still burn because miners lit the mine on fire and blew it shut with chinese miners in side because the chinese wouldn’t leave the mines and would work for less pay and was making them look bad . The white miners wanted to strike for better wages, and the Chinese people didn’t. To me this was a massacre like the one in 1885 in rock springs wyoming over the same situation.

  2. My great grandfather James Farnsworth Clark worked in that mine. He had gotten a broken arm that he never gained use of.